Your pregnancy: month 4
Week 14 marks the beginning of the second trimester!
Pregnancy symptoms should finally ease off (making it the easiest trimester) and you’re probably starting to show.
Your baby is always on the move now, but you won’t be able to feel it yet.
Weeks 13 and 14
Your baby is the size of a: lemon
Your baby’s head is about half the size of its total length of 3 inches, but don’t worry – its body will catch up eventually. The eyes are moving into their correct position, and tiny bones such as those in the wrists and ankles are forming. Your baby’s vocal cords are also developing.
The neck is getting longer and facial features are becoming more defined. And would you believe your little one has fingerprints and hair already? In addition to head hair and eyebrows, your baby has a fuzzy layer all over its body called lanugo to keep it warm until it starts accumulating body fat. Then, lanugo falls off… phew!
Weeks 15 and 16
Your baby is the size of an: orange
Your baby is about 4 1/2 inches long now, and it’s very busy learning to breathe, swallow and suck. Not to mention that your little kung fu fighter is kicking away constantly! It shouldn’t be much longer before you feel movement. If you’re having a girl, hundreds of thousands of eggs are already forming in her ovaries.
By week 16, the nervous system is functioning and bones are getting harder. Your baby starts practicing its best frowns and scowls thanks to developing facial muscles, and it can straighten its head and neck more. The eyes and ears are now working, so your little one can see light through sealed eyelids and hear your voice! Your fetus is becoming decidedly more baby-like – except for its translucent skin due to lack of body fat.
• Less fatigue
• Less frequent need to urinate
• Decreasing breast tenderness but continued growth
• Boost in sex drive
• Increased appetite
• Food cravings and aversions
• Heartburn and indigestion
• Faintness or dizziness
• Increased vaginal discharge
• Visible/varicose veins
• Round ligament pain
• Blocked nose
• Bleeding gums
Tips of the month: It’s normal to start putting on as much as 4 pounds a month in the second trimester, but this is also a great time to take advantage of feeling better to do some light exercise. Moderate exercise reduces your risk of pregnancy illnesses such as gestational diabetes and can make labor easier. To prevent varicose veins, avoid sitting for long periods, put your feet up when you do sit, and consider wearing support stockings.