Baby food stages and what you’ll need
Our guide will help you figure out when your baby is ready to start solids, which foods to serve and to avoid, and the products you’ll need to make mealtimes easy and fun.
Introducing solids is an exciting time for most parents – they just can’t wait to see the look on their baby’s face when they try mushy avocado or sweet banana for the first time! But on the flip side, figuring out when their little one is ready to start eating and which foods are safe to start with can be a bit daunting. The following recommendations from the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP) take the guesswork out of the process.
When is my baby ready to start solids?
Your baby may be ready anytime between the ages of four and six months. Signs to look out for include when your baby:
- Holds their head up and has good head control when sitting in a high chair or feeding chair
- Shows an interest in and reaches for your food
- Is able to move food from the spoon to their throat rather than spitting it back out
- Has doubled their birth weight and weighs approximately 13 pounds or more
By six months of age, babies should be eating solid foods because their iron stores go down and they no longer get the iron they need from breastmilk or formula alone.
Note: The AAP recommends breastfeeding as the sole source of nutrition for the first six months and continuing to breastfeed after introducing solid food until at least 12 months.
Which foods should I offer first and how do I feed my baby?
Commercial baby rice cereals are often introduced first, but the AAP says there’s no medical evidence that there’s an advantage to introducing solids in a particular order. While babies do have a natural preference for sweet foods, there isn’t any research to support the commonly held view that offering fruit first will make them reject vegetables.
You may choose to start with commercial rice cereals, homemade brown rice cereal, or homemade pureed vegetables or fruit. Start by offering half a teaspoon of puree, which you can mix with breast milk or formula for a smoother consistency. If your baby turns away the first time you try, don’t force it and try again in a few days.
Once your baby is used to one food, you can gradually start offering other foods. But only offer one new food at a time so you can identify which one is the culprit if your baby has an allergic reaction.
Within a few months, your little one’s daily diet should include a variety of healthy foods, such as meat, fish, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, eggs, and full-fat cheese and yogurt.
When can I give my baby finger foods?
As soon as a baby can sit upright and bring their hands to their mouth, they’re ready to start eating some finger foods. There’s even a new school of thought known as baby-led weaning (BLW) that advocates skipping pureed food altogether and allowing children to feed themselves finger foods as soon as they start eating solids. BLW is very popular in the UK and Australia, but it’s only starting to emerge in the U.S.
The important thing to remember when introducing finger foods at any age is that the food should be soft, easy to swallow and cut into small pieces. Good choices include soft, steamed vegetables, small pieces of banana, well-cooked pasta and scrambled eggs. You should avoid foods that pose a choking hazard, such as nuts, hard fruit, raw vegetables and popcorn.
If you follow these guidelines and supervise them at all times while they’re eating, they’re no more likely to choke than babies who are fed pureed foods, according to a study published in Pediatrics in 2016.
Are there any foods to avoid?
While there’s no evidence that waiting to introduce allergy-causing foods such as peanuts, dairy, soy, eggs and fish beyond the age of four to six months prevents food allergies, it’s wise to hold off if your family has a history of allergies.
Avoid giving your baby any processed foods that are high in salt, sugar and preservatives, such as French fries, chips, cookies and cakes. They have no nutritional value and could set your child up for a lifetime of unhealthy eating habits.
There are some foods you should avoid giving babies before a certain age:
- No juice before 12 months and only 4oz of 100% fruit juice per day after 12 months because too much juice can cause poor nutrition, obesity and tooth decay
- No honey before 12 months because of the risk of a rare illness known as botulism
- No cow’s milk, goat’s milk or soy milk before 12 months because babies can’t digest it properly
- No low-fat or nonfat dairy before age two because it provides too much protein and too many minerals
- No raw milk and other unpasteurized products for children of any age
- No hard foods such as whole nuts and raw carrots before age three because they’re choking hazards
How much should my baby eat?
Once your baby has gotten the hang of solids, they should be eating approximately 4oz of food at each meal. But each baby has a different appetite, so don’t force them to eat more if they close their mouth or turn away from the spoon – these are clear cues that they’ve had enough. As they grow and their appetite increases, gradually offer more food at each meal as well as healthy snacks between meals.
Does my baby need water?
As a general rule, babies get enough fluids from breast milk or formula. But once they start solids, you can give them small amounts of cooled, boiled water with meals or even between meals if the weather is very hot.
Which products do I need?
We absolutely love the following feeding products that make mealtimes a breeze.
- High chair: A good high chair can make the difference between mealtime hell and a peaceful moment of family bliss. The iconic Stokke Tripp Trapp chair falls into the latter category with its comfortable and easy-to-clean ergonomic design. It will look great in your home and last for years thanks to its solid European beech wood construction – and it’s free from harmful chemicals, too.
- Happy Bowl: This amazing placemat-and-bowl combo is called Happy Bowl for a reason – its no-mess design will put a smile on your face! It will stop messy babies and tricky toddlers in their tracks with its 100% food-grade silicone construction that suctions directly to the table or high-chair tray. No more spills and messes!
- Suction bowl and baby spoon: Say goodbye to all the nasties in plastic suction bowls – Avanchy’s Bamboo Stay Put Suction Bowl & Baby Spoon is made from biodegradable bamboo and food-grade silicone. It grips better than most suction bowls, too. You’ll need to release it from the table with the childproof vacuum relief lever.
- Reusable food pouches: Little Green Pouch’s Reusable Food Pouches can be filled with yogurt, purees, applesauce and other homemade baby foods. Not only are they lifesavers for busy moms who need to feed their little ones with healthy foods on the go, they’re also kind to the planet and your wallet. Plus, they’re free from BPA, phthalates, lead and PVC.
- Dispensing spoons: The tricky part about those reusable food pouches is figuring out a way to serve them while you’re out and about. Problem solved! These clever Little Green Pouch Dispensing Spoons (three-pack) attach directly to the spout of the pouch for mess-free eating.
- Glass food containers: What’s not to love about recycled glass containers to store and cart around baby food? They’re free from yucky chemicals, leak-proof thanks to their silicone seals, and best of all they’re safe to use in the freezer, microwave and dishwasher. Wean Greens’ Cube Garden Pack features four colorful containers.
- Penguin bib: How adorable is this Make My Day Silicone Penguin Bib with built-in crumb catcher? More than just a pretty face, it’s made from BPA-free food-grade silicone, and it’s stain-resistant and dishwasher-safe to boot.
- Long-sleeve bib: Green Sprouts’ Easy-Wear Long-Sleeve Bib will protect your child’s clothes from spills and stains at mealtime or playtime. Made from soft woven polyester for superior comfort, its adjustable hook-and-loop closure and waterproof coating make it easy to use and clean.
- Baby meal mats: Made of plastic-free food-grade silicone, the Modern-twist Meal-mat is the perfect mealtime mate for your tiny tot. Reuse over and over knowing that your baby is safe from lead, phthalates, BPAs, and other harsh chemicals found in plastic and lower-grade silicones. Roll up the flexible mat for on-the-go dining and rescue your tables from endless spills and stains with the non-porous & dishwasher safe material.